Hemp has been in use since ancient times. People used it for a variety of purposes including making paper, clothing, oil, food, etc. This plant is also being used for the treatment of different diseases. However, many countries banned the cultivation of this plant, as it is a member of the cannabis species, which is infamous for creating intoxicating effects in people.
Hemp is now making a coming back across different parts of the world as the plant exhibits a wide range of pharmaceutical benefits. Different compounds present in this plant is found to be beneficial for treating a variety of health conditions. Hence, many countries now made the hemp cultivation legal. It has also become legal to extract and sell different compounds like CBD that are present in this plant. However, hemp cultivation still remains illegal in many other countries.
Countries like the US have acknowledged the benefits of the hemp plant in the medicinal field. Hence, it becomes possible for users to get access to different hemp products easily. Now people are able to use hemp-derived products without worrying about legal problems.
Different countries across the world largely grow hemp plants for a wide range of purposes. Hence, we list some countries growing hemp for your knowledge.
China has recognized the large number of benefits possessed by the hemp plants from the ancient period itself. Hemp has been an important part of Chinese culture and tradition for thousands of years. This helped them to explore a large number of possibilities of this plant.
Even though the US and many other countries banned the cultivation of hemp, China never banned its production. Despite its ban on Cannabis sativa plants that create psychoactive effects, this country continued to grow the hemp plants.
The United States has banned the cultivation of the hemp plants and the selling of some hemp-derived products for some time. However, now this country is rediscovering the potential of this plant.
The Farm Bill of 2018 made the cultivation of hemp plants legal in the US. The bill also allows the production and sale of different hemp-derived products. This has resulted in the wide use of a compound called CBD, which is a cannabinoid present in the hemp plant. This is a non-psychoactive compound used by people for treating different health conditions. With the legalization of the hemp and the products derived from it, it became possible for people to easily access this compound, which was considered illegal before a few years.
The hemp industry is rapidly growing in the US. This is now becoming one of the important industries that generate much revenue. However, the varieties of cannabis plants that can create intoxicating effects are still illegal in the US. In addition to this, a compound called THC, which is another cannabinoid present in the hemp and cannabis plants is also prohibited, as this compound is responsible for creating addiction and euphoric effects associated with cannabis plants.
It is the first country on the continent that legalized the hemp production, however, it has yet to issue a commercial permit for the cultivation of this plant. The Agricultural Research Council of South Africa has tested different varieties of hemp and labeled it as an “agricultural crop”. The efforts to amend the legalization of hemp in this country are still progressing.
The Department of Health is responsible for issuing the research permit for this plant, which includes applying to possess a ‘narcotic drug’.
The possible sectors that are recognized as suitable for using hemp in South Africa include:
- Agri-fibres for car parts (like door panels, dashboards, etc.)
- Animal bedding
- Eco-friendly paper
- Natural cement and bricks
- Nutrition from the hemp seeds that are rich in fatty acids
Hemp cultivation will be able to solve some of the pressing issues in South Africa including housing, job creation, and malnutirtion.
After the legalization of hemp production in 1998, the hemp industry in Canada is continuing to expand. Canada exports hemp to other countries like the US, and it is a significant part of revenue generation for this country.
Canada also prohibited hemp just a year after the prohibition of the hemp in the US. But after 60 years, it lifted the ban thereby giving a boost to the hemp industry.
In addition to these countries, some other countries also allow hemp cultivation. Some of such countries growing hemp include:
- Great Britain
Even though hemp was cultivated across different parts of the world from ancient times, many countries banned its production later. However, this plant is now making a comeback, as it is found to provide a large number of health benefits. Hemp cultivation is becoming a great revenue for many countries. In addition to this, many compounds present in this plant are also being used in the healthcare industry. However, there are many other countries that are yet to legalize the cultivation of this plant. It is expected that these countries will also make the hemp production legal in the coming years.